Italian exit tax

Italian Exit Tax: Understanding the Rules and Considerations

Overview of Italian Exit Tax

Italy has specific rules and regulations in place regarding exit taxes, which are applicable to individuals and companies planning to leave the country. Exit taxes are levied on the transfer of assets and capital when moving abroad, and they aim to prevent tax avoidance and preserve the country’s tax base. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of Italian exit tax, including its applicability, exemptions, recent developments, and potential challenges.

Understanding Italian Exit Tax Rules

Italian exit tax rules are designed to ensure that individuals and companies fulfill their tax obligations before leaving the country. When a taxpayer transfers their tax residence or moves their assets abroad, they may be subject to exit tax. The tax applies to various types of assets, including financial assets, real estate, shareholdings, and business assets. It is important to note that the applicability of exit tax depends on specific conditions and requirements outlined in Italian tax laws.

As a general rule, if the assets of a company migrating abroad include shareholdings, the participation exemption regime should apply to exempt 95% of the gain from corporate income tax, provided the requirements in Article 87 IITC are met. This exemption provides a significant benefit for companies and encourages business mobility.

For individuals, the total taxable income is subject to income tax at progressive rates up to 43%, along with local surcharges based on the municipality of residence. However, certain scenarios may impact the application of exemptions. For example, if an individual holds a 60% participation in an Italian-resident company and transfers 30% participation to each of their two children, the exemption would not apply. On the other hand, if the 60% participation is settled into a trust for the exclusive benefit of the two children, it would qualify for the exemption, provided the trust is properly structured.

Recent Developments and Considerations

In recent years, there have been developments and considerations related to Italian exit tax. One notable development is the amendment of exit tax rules, which aims to align them with international standards and facilitate business mobility. These amendments provide instructions and options for deferring exit tax when migrating to another European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) member state.

Italy imposes annual rates on financial assets held abroad by resident individuals and real estate located abroad held by resident individuals. The annual rate for financial assets is 0.2%, while the annual rate for real estate is 0.76%. These rates are important factors to consider when planning a move abroad and transferring assets.

Under the retirees regime, individuals are subject to a 7% flat tax on all of their foreign-source income. Additionally, they can benefit from an exemption from wealth taxes on foreign assets and are not obligated to report such foreign-held assets. This regime provides certain advantages for retirees moving their tax residence outside of Italy.

When it comes to companies, the participation exemption regime plays a significant role in determining the exit tax liability. Under this regime, 95% of any capital gains related to the value of a company’s holdings are exempt and excluded from the taxable income for the determination of the Exit Tax. This exemption can significantly impact the tax liability of companies planning to migrate abroad.

It is worth noting that certain conditions apply to the guarantee requirements for companies. If a company has not reported a loss in the three years prior to migration and its net equity is equal to at least 120% of the exit tax due, no guarantee is required. This condition provides relief for companies meeting the specified criteria.


Italian exit tax is a significant consideration for individuals and companies planning to leave Italy. Understanding the rules and regulations surrounding exit taxes is crucial for ensuring compliance and avoiding potential tax liabilities. While the participation exemption regime provides certain benefits, it is essential to assess individual circumstances and seek professional advice to navigate the complexities of Italian exit tax effectively. By staying informed and proactive, taxpayers can mitigate risks and make informed decisions when it comes to their tax obligations when leaving Italy.

If you are interested in this subject, read our related articles like, Tax Returns in Italy, Italian corporation tax rate: our financial guide, Foreign tax credit and late tax return and Capital Gains Tax in Italy.

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